A spondylolisthesis is a slipping forward of one vertebra on another and can be a common cause of lower back pain. When a patient has suffered a spondylolisthesis they tend to experience pain with activity particularly active extension or arching of the back. The pain is also occasionally experienced in the buttocks and the back of the legs.
Diagnosis of spondylolisthesis is made by x-ray of the lower back. Continuing to exercise with the condition may be dangerous as it may cause further vertebral slippage. While there is no cure for spondylolisthesis, and patients have to live with the condition long-term, it can be managed effectively once diagnosed.
Generally treatment involves the taking of anti-inflammatory medications and physiotherapy stretching and strengthening exercises to improve core and lower back stability. Modification of activities, and sometimes complete rest, is essential initially but generally patients can return to exercise and activities on a phased basis as their pain levels improve.